Consejos para elegir un fabricante de ensamblajes de PCB de bajo volumen?Publicado el 20-04-2020
Ensamblaje de PCB de bajo volumen: formas efectivas de reducir los costos de ensamblaje
A veces, el montaje de PCB de bajo volumen se convierte en la hora de necesidad. Tiene aplicaciones que requieren PCB. Sin embargo, el presupuesto es limitado. Con fuentes mínimas, buscará el ensamblaje de PCB de comunicación más barato o la fabricación de PCB habitual.
Reducing the cost of Printed Circuit Boards is a tricky task especially at the designer’s end. It takes out all the fun. After all, modern technology often requires the latest components and sophisticated parts. Now, when you go on incorporating these features in your PCB, the prices will go sky-high.
The boards may turn out to be amazing, but with the skyrocketing prices, you are less likely to sell them. Thus, you need to come up with a board that offers the best of technology within a reasonable budget. Tricky, isn’t it?
So, in this article, we are going to talk about a number of ways in which you can cut PCB costs while assuring its quality.
Effective Tips for Cutting Assembly Cost
We often come across ensambladores de PCB that claim to have the lowest price. After all, they cut down prices to attract consumers and gain profits. However, some of these assemblers would simply compromise on the quality to reduce the overall cost.
Therefore, it is a good idea to find an assembler that can balance between price and quality.
Find a professional and reliable PCB assembler
If you have been looking around, by now you know that every PCB assembler claims to provide high quality Printed Circuit Boards at low cost. However, not all deliver what they promise. So, you need to be vigilant in making a decision.
For starters, do your homework properly. You need to have a clear understanding of your project and its requirement. Once, you have a clear idea of what you need. Next is to hit your laptop. Do a thorough search on the internet for the respective assemblers.
You can even use trade shows, magazines or whatever means to find as much information as possible. We understand it requires a lot of time. However, we can assure you that it would be worth it in the future.
Below are some important aspects that you need to cover when searching for a Printed Circuit Board assembler.
To ensure the quality and efficiency of the assembling process, it is important to have the latest equipment. Since SMT, Surface-Mount technology is closely associated with the high manufacturing speed and component placing, thus choose a company that uses SMT technology.
To be sure of Printed Circuit Board assembler’s management regulations and manufacturing capabilities, you need to see their certificates. These certificates would vouch for what they are saying. Some of the important certifications including UL, RoHs, ISO9001 among others.
ISO9001 is a family of international quality management guidelines that aim to promote a firm’s ability to meet a consumer’s requirements and expectations by improving its product quality effectively and efficiently.
ROH, Restrictions of Hazardous Substance is a series of laws governing six hazardous substance application in the manufacturing of electrical and electronic products. The Listing Service UL ensures that the manufacturer tests their product thoroughly. This helps them ensure the right procedure and reduces product errors.
Adquisición de componentes
You will be surprised to know that a lot of time and money is wasted in the manufacturing stage of Printed Circuit Boards. It is something that you would want to avoid as a low volume PCB assembly manufacturer. The reason being, the disjointed relationships between different phases of the process.
To save time and reduce cost, you should choose a Printed Circuit Board assembler that offers components sourcing service. This will help you focus on your project engineering and not worry about the assemblers.
The assembler would do what it is best at – choose excellent, yet inexpensive components and place them on top of a circuit board.
Optimize the Schematic Design
Before you start with real manufacturing, you need to perform a DFM check. This helps ensure that it is possible to normally implement your Printed Circuit Board. Several Printed Circuit boards assemblers offer these services for free. Thus, resulting in lower assembly costs.
Below are the important factors that influence the cost of the bare Printed Circuit Board.
Vias are imperative for building interconnection on aboard. There are different types of vias including buried, micro vias and blind vias. However, the number of vias greatly influences the overall cost. The greater number of vias you incorporate, the higher the price of PCB.
Thus, the proper and careful arrangement of vias is would reduce the cost of bare Printed Circuit Board. At the same time, it would ensure sufficient functioning of the PCB.
Acabado de la superficie
Un acabado superficial ayuda con un excelente rendimiento eléctrico y soldabilidad, ya que evita que las almohadillas se oxiden. Puede elegir entre una variedad de acabados, incluidos ENEPIG, ENIG, OSP, HASL, etc. Debe elegir la superficie que se adapte a los requisitos de su proyecto, ya que cada superficie tiene sus pros y sus contras.
Recuento de capas
Cuando agrega capas a una PCB, es probable que el costo aumente. Como fabricante de ensamblajes de PCB de bajo volumen, debe asegurarse de no agregar capas no deseadas. Las capas adicionales mejorarán la complejidad de la PCB, pero al mismo tiempo, aumentarían el precio.
Tamaño y forma
Debe considerar el requisito antes de finalizar el tamaño y la forma de la PCB. El tablero debe corresponder a los requisitos de su respectiva aplicación. Debe tener un diseño preciso que implemente todas sus funciones en un espacio moderado.
Utilice paneles solo cuando sea necesario. Aunque, debido a la tecnología mejorada y la densidad de PCB, los PCB pequeños pueden ser complejos. Recuerde, un PCB pequeño no significa que sea barato. La forma del PCB también afecta el precio. Si le da forma a la forma habitual, cuadrado o rectángulo, el precio sería menor. Sin embargo, en el caso de formas especiales, tendría que pagar más.
Lista de materiales efectiva y completa
BOM (Lista de materiales) es una lista concisa de elementos, materias primas, subconjuntos, ensamblajes y componentes, etc. que necesitaría para la fabricación de PCB. Una lista de materiales completa incluye lo siguiente:
- Nombre del Fabricante
- Número de pieza
- Nivel de lista de materiales
- Punto superior / huella
- Punto inferior / huella
- Método SMT
Never forget to add component replacement in the BOM. With a complete BOM, an effective and low volume PCB assembly manufacture can provide you a quote within 1 to 2 days.
Abastecimiento de componentes
In case you are a company with limited sources, we understand that controlling your budget and product schedule can be troublesome. A good idea is to reach out to a PCB assembler. Printed Circuit Board assembler is more likely to have a friendly relationship with their respective component distributor due to long-term cooperation’s.
They might be able to get components at prices that you would never get. They would get those components at wholesale price instead of the retail price. You can ask for the purchase invoice from distributors as this would ensure that the Printed Circuit Board company has genuine cooperation with the respective distributor.
Adjust Lead Time and Order Volume
The price of each commodity is inversely proportional to the order volume. This rule holds in every type of industry. So, the higher the number of pieces you order, the lesser the price of each piece would be. You need to consider your company’s situation and find the right order volume.
After that, you need to choose a PCB manufacturing company that will fulfill your order requirement to perfection. Your order volume can be low, medium or large.
When it comes to lead time, you need to pay close attention to calculation. Often the problem is within its calculations. Never confuse yourself with the catching lead time that a PCB assembler promises. The reason being, different PCB manufactures have different methods for calculating the lead time. Therefore, it is important to know the following
- What is the order day and the payment day?
- Starting time?
- What day would the components come?
In short, if a company has a longer lead time, it is going to give you a lower price.
Finding a low volume PCB assembly manufacturer would be a tricky task. However, if you follow the above tips, you would be able to land with the right manufacturer. 6pcba is among the leading communication PCB assembly and other types of Printed circuit Board manufacturer. They are highly effective and efficient.
Teléfono: +86 (755) 2328-7815
Correo electrónico: [email protected]