Techniques for BGA Assembly

โพสต์เมื่อ 2020-06-29

The BGA inspection guidelines are determined based on the guidelines for the assembly of the finished printed circuits in IPC-A-610, as well as other criteria that have been defined between the user and the installer. In practice, these inspection criteria are met in practice with a variety of BGA inspection techniques. These techniques include visual inspection and X-ray inspection.

There are a variety of techniques that make up optical inspection techniques for BGA inspection. These techniques include endoscopy and visual inspection. Endoscopy uses an optical gradient prism to align the transverse viewing area with the plane of the plate. This allows the inspector to see “below” the BGA package. This ad may be within a few lines of the page.

Endoscopy and visual inspection

This observation allows the inspector to see how the ball gets wet on both the PCB pads and the device pads. The corners are also a good indicator of whether a good reflow profile has been created. The inspector looks for a uniformly collapsed ball without stretching or “wasting” the spreading sweat fillet. Furthermore, the shape of the solder ball is seen in relation to the uniformity in the outer row of the solder balls. Furthermore, the surface of the ball is inspected with this instrument.

สัญญาณทั้งหมดของการหลุดลอกการหดตัวการไหลของสารตกค้างส่วนเกินและสิ่งที่คล้ายกันจะปรากฏให้เห็นและเป็นส่วนหนึ่งของเส้นทางการตรวจสอบ กล้องจุลทรรศน์แบบมองเห็นมักใช้ในการตรวจสอบด้วยสายตาซึ่งแผงวงจรพิมพ์จะเอียงเป็นมุมเพื่อให้สามารถมองเห็นการประเมินประเภทเดียวกันกับกล้องเอนโดสโคป มักจะมีส่วนประกอบระหว่างทางที่ จำกัด ประโยชน์ของเทคนิคพิเศษนี้

การตรวจสอบ BGA X-ray

การตรวจสอบ BGA X-ray เป็นประเภทที่สองของการตรวจสอบการประกอบ BGA การตรวจเอ็กซ์เรย์สามารถทำได้โดยใช้การตรวจเอ็กซ์เรย์อัตโนมัติซึ่งโดยพื้นฐานแล้วจะถ่ายภาพเมื่อสแกนเส้นประแล้วเปรียบเทียบภาพเหล่านั้นกับไลบรารีภาพที่ยอมรับได้สำหรับการโทรหรือการตรวจสอบด้วยตนเองซึ่งหมายความว่าผู้ปฏิบัติงานจะต้อง "ขับรถ ” อุปกรณ์ที่กำลังทดสอบภายใต้แหล่งเอ็กซเรย์

There are many different conditions that the X-ray system tries to recognize as part of BGA X-ray images for inspection. As part of the IPC-A-610 BGA inspection criteria, the BA must be aligned with other components and other grounded parts of the circuit board assembly. This is to ensure that minimum electrical clearances are not violated. Similarly, the distance between the solder balls must be confirmed using the same criteria. Also, the BGA X-ray test should confirm that there are no solder bridges or connections to unusual areas of the device. It is also used to determine voids in reflux joints to ensure that they are not more than 30% or less of the inspectable area of the part.

In addition to these IPC criteria that radiography should use as part of accepting/rejecting calls, there are other uses of radiography during BGA inspection. The x-ray image also determines the sphericity of the “roundness” of the solder balls when viewed from the z-axis plane. Also, the actual size of the solder balls can be measured and compared as a pass/fail criterion for BGA inspection.

BGA Assembly-02

BGA assembly

An electronic assembly service is a company that deals with the manufacture of electronic assemblies, such as the spherical grid die or BGA. Why do manufacturers have to outsource these services?

The biggest advantage of outsourcing assemblies is that they save a lot of resources. You don’t have to build or lease additional assembly space, and you don’t need assembly personnel. The installation of a production plant, the purchase of appropriate equipment, and the use of well-trained and experienced personnel to manage the plant require a lot of capital. The fact that you can focus on the core function of your business means that you are more productive. This also saves time.

With good electronic assembly services, your assembly is contracted. This means that your electronic products are manufactured to your specifications. You can even determine things like the materials to use. If you have many product variants, it is better to outsource the service as you do not have to change your machine settings every time you want a product variant.

An electronic assembly service tends to attract and retain top talent. If you do the assembly yourself, you are unlikely to attract talent to make sure you have a highly reliable application that can withstand the abuse, potential attacks, and harsh environments. By outsourcing the service, you don’t have to worry about training your employees and constantly updating them with the latest technology.

The professionalism offered by electronic assemblies means that you get valuable advice on how to make your products more efficient and effective. The electronic assembly service will have learned from your successes and mistakes, as well as from the mistakes and successes of others. When you outsource, you get different products from the same company, which means you have no compatibility issues and save money.

BGA Assembly-01


Lead-free solder balls are primarily used in applications with chip packages, chip dump wafer protrusions, and ball-grid dies as LBGA, CBGA, and PBGA components. Products available in this category cover all types of alloy options, including lead-free, eutectic, low lead, and low silver content, and even custom options for various applications with specific requirements. However, given the current trend in the industry to introduce lead-free solder pastes and products, solder balls of this particular type are the most in-demand. Due to the small size of the solder balls and the fact that a single device or PCB can hold thousands of these beads, you definitely want to make sure that the product on offer is of high quality. Let’s examine the quality factors of lead-free solder balls you should consider when choosing the most suitable alternative for your PCB assembly.

Ball diameter and tolerance

Design consistency is paramount if you want to enjoy the predictable performance and ease of use of your lead-free solder balls. It is important that the product you selected has a uniform diameter, a narrow diameter, and tolerance to spheroids. This factor becomes even more important if the desired size of the solder ball is less than average since in such cases you must verify the diameter and tolerance of sphericity with greater precision (a measure of how round or around the sphere).

Alloy casting technology for production.

กระบวนการและเทคโนโลยีในการหลอมโลหะบัดกรีก็เป็นปัจจัยสำคัญที่ต้องพิจารณาเช่นกัน ต้องรักษาระดับที่ถูกต้องของโลหะในการกระแทกที่ปราศจากสารตะกั่วและต้องคงไว้ซึ่งการเพิ่มประสิทธิภาพของกระบวนการที่เหมาะสมเพื่อหลีกเลี่ยงการแยกตัวของโลหะผสมซึ่งจะนำไปสู่จุดสูงสุดหลายจุด ผู้ผลิตของคุณต้องสามารถตรวจสอบการผลิตที่สม่ำเสมอและความสามารถในการทำซ้ำของพารามิเตอร์คุณภาพจากแบทช์ไปยังแบทช์ ความเบี่ยงเบนส่งผลอย่างมากต่อ SMT ของคุณเองสำหรับสายการประกอบ BGA